EPOXY FLOOR PAINT

(Garage Epoxy Floor Paint - Find us on BING search engine)

 

 

Links to Lots of MUST READ Information Articles About the Best Epoxy Floor Paints, Including Preparation, Alternatives, What Can Go Wrong, etc.

 

floor coating related articles, info, and links

- epoxy help -

on the http://www.epoxyproducts.com web site

 

epoxy floor paint application

TWO PART EPOXY FLOOR PAINT

CASE STUDIES AND EXAMPLES

 

 

Best garage epoxy floor paint links -- solvent free and water based epoxy resin floor systems - help

Best Epoxy Garage Floor Paint DIY Links - FLOOR Coatings

 


we can do it floor epoxy

Web Sites where the DIY Garage Guys hang out often talk about epoxy floors (and lots of other things too!)

GARAGE RETREAT - http://www.garageretreat.com/forums/ .

GARAGE JOURNAL - http://www.garagejournal.com/forum/ .


Your Host and Tour Guide:

Paul Oman, MS, MBA - Progressive Epoxy Polymers, Inc. (floor epoxies, marine epoxies, underwater epoxies, repair epoxies)

Member: NACE (National Assoc. of Corrosion Engineers), SSPC (Soc. of Protective Coatings)

Board member: Friends of the Suncook River - 501(c)(3) non profit ----- Founder: Friday Night Paddlers .

"Professionals helping Professionals" 

 


PROGRESSIVE EPOXY POLYMERS, INC.


 

floor epoxy paint basement coating

 


PAGE AND SITE NAVIGATION

keywords=best epoxy floor paint

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Best Epoxy Floor Paint Information Links Page (because you deserve to know...)

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TOP SELLING PRODUCTS

FYI: catalog pages are blue (marine) or yellow (home/indust), info pages are green, product pages are purple, core pages are gray

Selling floor epoxies since 1994

NOTICE: Legal notices, Terms of Service, warranty information, disclaimers, health warnings, etc. are required reading before using website, ordering and/or using Products. Any such use and/or ordering, online or by telephone, shall constitute acceptance and knowledge of all such terms.

CLICK HERE (www.epoxyproducts.com/legal.html) to access these terms.


MEMBER:  Internet Epoxy Confederation (IEC - CLICK HERE TO VISIT) -- "Where Professionalism Still Matters"

 

Internet Epoxy Confederation (IEC)

Your connection to SAFE, DEPENDABLE, EXPERT

epoxy web sites, vendors, products, links

VISIT IEC  NOW at Epoxyfacts.com

 


Floor Epoxy Paint Section in our online catalog - CLICK HERE



email us - CLICK HERE Email us with your questions - we have products for every problem or project!

 

If you came here from an online forum where folks post questions and answers to questions, you should note there are four kinds of forums. First is the real, proper and honest forum. They work as you would expect them to work. Next are company forums. These are really marketing tools for the sponsoring company (there is a sailing/boating forum  sponsored by a major epoxy vendor that fits this example). Most posts ask questions that can be addressed by the vendor's  own products or post about how good the vendor's products are. Folks with solutions using other vendor's products, or those that have issues with the vendor's product, don't get their messages posted and are usually kicked off the forum (ask me how I know this). Third are 'vulture' forums. These have a few industry sponsors and when unsuspecting posters ask for a solution to a problem the sponsors swoop down and go into selling mode. There is a garage floor forum like this. I got in trouble with them when I pointed out that one of the vulture vendor's own company web site had copied my entire web page (epoxyproducts.com/cyclo.html) to their web site and was using it as their own and was using my technical knowledge to sell their epoxy on their site. The final kind of forum are 'dead' forums where the most recent posts are months or even years old. Know which forum type you visit. -- Bottom line: many forums are not really intended for the benefit of the individual looking for information and feedback. You will find information here that is "banned" on many internet forums.

Note that modern epoxies do not require an "induction period" or "sweat in" time. This is a amount of time you must let the epoxy sit after you mix it and before you use it. If the epoxy you are considering requires this, beware! It is the sign of a low end product that doesn't have your best interests at heart.


 

 

WATER BASED (WATERBORNE)

EPOXY FLOOR PAINTS

 

SOLVENT FREE (or low solvent)

EPOXY FLOOR PAINTS

(comparison table)

Water Bond Epoxy  (tm)

med. gray only

(comparison table)

Industrial Floor Epoxy (tm)

light gray or beige only

 

* actually contains voc solvents plus water (restricted in some locations)

* slight odor

* very long pot life

* water clean-up

* large coverage per gallon

* good color stability

* very thin coating - will not hide flaws (may highlight them)

* somewhat breathable and some penetration into concrete (good adhesion)

* generally less used than solvent free epoxy floor paints

* can be primer /sealer under other epoxy (non epoxy) floor systems

 

 

 

* no solvents or VOC issues (solvent free only)

* generally odorless

* wet thickness equals dry thickness (no shrinking)

* thick coating hides flaws and imperfections

* can trap air bubbles from expanding air in concrete

* shows epoxy yellowing in UV

* coverage about 150 sf per gallon

* creates vapor seal (radon etc)

* can have adhesion issues on damp moisture rich surfaces

* tough and durable

* standard commercial - professional floor solution

* short pot life - working time

* use with colored chips or colored sands

* works with chips - sands - multi-coat systems

 

FIND WATER BOND EPOXY IN CATALOG

FIND IN ONLINE STORE

ASK PROFESSOR E . POXY (help link)

EPOXY FLOOR MASSIVE LINK SITE

FLOOR EPOXY INTRO GUIDE


PROGRESSIVE EPOXY POLYMERS, INC (SINCE 1992)

 

 

FIND INDUSTRIAL FLOOR EPOXY IN CATALOG

FIND IN ONLINE STORE

ASK PROFESSOR E . POXY (help link)

EPOXY FLOOR MASSIVE LINK SITE

FLOOR EPOXY INTRO GUIDE


PROGRESSIVE EPOXY POLYMERS, INC (SINCE 1992)

 

 


 

Quick Buy -- INDUSTRIAL FLOOR (TM) EPOXY PAINT - LIGHT GRAY - BEIGE -- Now

WHY THIS IS THE BEST SOLVENT FREE FLOOR EPOXY AVAILABLE


WHY BUY FROM US? WHY WE ARE DIFFERENT - click here


Aluthane™ (METALLIC COATING):

Aluthane is a thin, high solvent level, aluminum filled, one part moisture cured urethane. Color obviously is an aluminum gray/silver. It has amazing adhesion. It is more commonly used on steel and wood surfaces, but also works well on concrete (seal and provide a tough thin coating of 'silver-gray'), so we are mentioning this product here as well. This product has its own web page (click here). Visit this product in the e_non epoxy section of the Progressive Epoxy Polymers  product catalog.

 

Using Aluthane (aluminum filled) Moisture Cured Urethane

as a Primer on vinyl and wood (GOTO primer page)

aluthane mcu

Above - Old, dirty self stick vinyl floor tiles in work shop (light color on bottom) covered with

new "woody" self stick vinyl  floor tiles after a primer coat of Aluthane over the old vinyl tiles


 

Epoxy Floor Coatings - Sampler Kits

1) NEW Epoxy Floor/ Deck non slip coating  (ROUGH COAT (TM) FLOOR EPOXY) Check out the  8 oz test kit of Rough Coat (tm) - a tan colored  solvent based epoxy floor coating with non slip grit already mixed in. Standard unit size is one gallon which covers about 160 sf. Texture is suitable for bare feet. Use on boat decks, garage floors, shower areas etc.  This product is featured on the GreatThings4u.com website.

2) Solvent Free Industrial Floor Epoxy - 48 oz test kit of IFF in beige or light gray. Tired of the low end stuff sold in mass market box stores or hard sell epoxy flooring web sites run by a marketing major and staffed with ex-shoe salesman just interested in your money? Check out our industrial - commercial (you can buy 15 gallon units), solvent free, Industrial Floor Epoxy (even the product name is simple, no frills labeling). Use with or without chips (order separately - picking colors and percentages), and with or without clear epoxy or poly intermediate or topcoats. Shop like a Professional - where you pick and select what you need. This product is featured on the Best Epoxies  website.

CLICK HERE (floor epoxy paint options) to see these products in our online catalog.

 


Epoxy questions? Ask the Professor - CLICK and visit the Epoxy Professor .


BEST FLOOR EPOXY PAINT LINKS:

"BEST" FLOOR EPOXY

Best floor epoxy web site

 

Why You Don't Want, Or Need,

A Cycloaliphatic Epoxy Floor Paint - as

promoted by one epoxy floor vendor

(CLICK HERE)

 


WHAT TO LOOK FOR WITH EPOXY PRODUCTS/VENDORS/CONTRACTORS:

1) epoxies that require a wait time after mixing and before applying are almost always obsolete, low quality products.

2) be wary of companies that don't tell you what kind of epoxies they are using and/or imply that their 'method/product' is the ONLY way to go.

3) be wary of companies that downplay surface preparation and don't mention the issues/problems (like yellowing or air bubbles from the cement/concrete) that might be encountered.

4) professionals use technical product data sheets and government required MSDS (material data safety sheets) to learn about and evaluate products. Be wary of companies that do not easily make these available to you as they are probably hiding something they don't want you to know.

5) Email or call the companies involved before you buy.. If they will not return an email or telephone call before the sale, you can be certain they will not after the sale.

READ MORE


 

FREE COATING THICKNESS GAUGE

epoxy film gauge

For a limited time, purchase more than $250 worth of product

(not including shipping charges)

and receive a free WET FILM THICKNESS GAUGE. 


Find in our product catalog site page

Goto our Coating Gauge web page (explains how it works)

 

Our own DIY High Solids Floor Epoxy Paint (DIY Flor-Poxy ™) has its own web site - CLICK HERE

 

CONCRETE FLOOR PREP OPTIONS FOR EPOXY FLOOR PAINT

epoxyfloorpaintprep.html - the options available for your garage floor paint project.



BEGINNERS GUIDE TO EPOXY FLOORS / INFORMATION - START HERE

beginfloor4u.html - the basics of epoxy for those with no knowledge of epoxies.



INTERMEDIATE GUIDE TO EPOXY FLOORS / INFORMATION

floorcoatings.html - more info on epoxy floor issues - more detail than above beginners guide



ADVANCED GUIDE INFORMATION TO EPOXY FLOORS

floorcoatings4u.html - still more info on epoxy floor issues - more detail than above intermediate guide

epoxy floor paint coating


ANOTHER INTRO TO GARAGE FLOOR EPOXIES - GARAGE 101 INFORMATION

garage4u.html - still more basic info and user options for garage floor projects

 

IS EPOXY PAINT THE SAME AS FLOOR EPOXY PAINT?

epoxy_floorpaint.html - What is the difference between industrial/marine epoxy paints and epoxies used on floors?



COMPLETE EPOXY FLOOR KITS FOR DIY

epoxykits.html - how to compare online epoxy paint kits from different vendors

painting an epoxy floor - two part epoxy paint

EPOXY FLOOR CASE STUDIES AND EXAMPLES

 

floorcs.html - feedback and pictures from customers on epoxy floors (not using a kit product)

Visit FLOOR COATINGS in our  catalog

 See Rough Coat (tm) - epoxy with non skid grit already in it    

CLICK HERE

 

 

CLEAR TOPCOATS OVER EPOXY FLOORS

cleartopcoat.html - info about clear top coats that epoxy floor vendors don't want you to know


BROADCAST QUARTZ SAND EPOXY FLOORS

quartz4u.html - super tough quartz epoxy floors


PAINT CHIP - COLOR CHARTS

chips4u.html - color chart for ordering paint chips for non kit epoxy floor systems

Order a 48 oz Test Kit of our Solvent Free, 100% solids, Industrial Floor Epoxy (tm). Try, test and experience our best selling (we sell several different floor epoxy products) professional grade floor epoxy. Why don't our competitors sell small test units of their products? Good for you, extra work for the vendors. Shouldn't the customer's needs come first? CLICK HERE TO ORDER .

NEWSLETTER OFFER

You have a friend and a free helpline source in the Epoxy and Coatings Industry. Add yourself to our email newsletter list. We send out a short newsletter about 4-8 times a year. It keeps you in touch with us for help and information. Send us a quick EMAIL asking to be put on the Progressive Epoxy Polymers, Inc. (epoxyproducts.com) newsletter.

 

COLOR CHART FOR OUR INDUSTRIAL FLOOR EPOXY™ PRODUCT ONLY

floorchart.html - color chart for our solvent free floor epoxy



COLOR PAINT CHIPS / PAINT USER GUIDE (PDF FILE) (not for the DIY Flor-Poxy kits)

floorchip.pdf - using colored paint chips in your non kit epoxy floor -PDF user guide



PROGRESSIVE EPOXY POLYMERS CATALOG PAGE FOR DIY Flor-Poxy KITS, AND INDIVIDUAL FLOOR EPOXIES, GRITS, ETC.

b_floor.html - our epoxy floor paint catalog page - epoxies, options and our complete EPOXY KITS

 

epoxy floor paint system with chips in the coating



WHAT CAN GO WRONG - EPOXY FLOOR PROBLEMS (also see Pinholes/Air and Vapor Barrier below)

problem.html - what can go wrong! epoxyprob.pdf - a more technical version of problems in a printable PDF file

 

Visit FLOOR COATINGS in our  catalog

 See Rough Coat (tm) - epoxy with non skid grit already in it    

CLICK HERE


BEST NON SKID - GRIT OPTIONS

grit.html - walnut shell, rubber flake, sand, Matching the grit to the application and coating thickness


WATER BOND (TM) OUR NON-KIT WATER BASED FLOOR EPOXY

aquarock.html - Water Bond is our 3rd generation, PROFESSIONAL GRADE, water based floor epoxy

 

Learn about the different coatings:

Enamel, Polyurethane, MCU, LPU, Epoxy,

Vinyl Ester, Polyurea, Acrylic, Varnish

- solvent free, water based, water borne -

CLICK HERE

 

Our own DIY High Solids Floor Epoxy (DIY Flor-Poxy ™) has its own web site - CLICK HERE


Floor Section in our online catalog - CLICK HERE


The Benefits of Solvent Free Epoxies

(zero VOC - 100% solids)

(Same for epoxy paints and epoxy floor paints - see differences between)

 

* A smooth non-porous, cleanable with strong cleaners surface (thus antimicrobial - mold and mildew resistant) and great  for children's play rooms, bathrooms, showers etc.). Thus common in garage, shops, labs, trailers, etc.

* Solvent free epoxies little or no odor and no solvents to fill the air (great news for allergy and asthma prone during application)

* Wet thickness equals dry thickness (and it is a thick coating to start with) - so equal in thickness to many coats of 'regular' paint.

* Thick and self leveling it fills and hides small chips, depressions, cracks etc. Fill them during application and they will not reappear when the epoxy cures.

 

DISADVANTAGES - all solvent free epoxies yellow, especially in sunlight --- they will scratch ---  they have a surface bond only so they needs a top notch bonding surface to adhere to --- there are MOISTURE DURING CURE issues -- solvent free epoxies have a short pot life (working time during application) - air escaping from concrete can form bubbles in the thick solvent free epoxy (there are ways around this, but you need to be told of this possible issue).

 

CONSUMER WARNINGS - *** Some questionable epoxy vendors like to imply that only their solvent free epoxy has these benefits, which is not true. *** Some questionable epoxy vendors will compare their solvent free epoxy to other vendor's water based epoxies and solvent based epoxies. These are unfair comparisons designed to make their products look 'superior.'***  Some questionable vendors will deny their epoxy yellows (water based epoxies have limited yellowing - dark colors don't show yellowing). *** Some vendors will promote 'special epoxies (novolac, cycloaliphatic, flake filled, coal tar, etc.)  when they are not necessary for your intended application. *** Some questionable epoxy vendors will 'forget to mention' the potential disadvantages and problems listed above.  *** No epoxy vendor can know the condition and suitability of your surface for an epoxy coating, nor can they oversee your surface preparation, and weather/environmental conditions during your DIY epoxy application. So all vendor Warranty documents  have a built in escape mechanism and are presented only as marketing tools to get your business. All that an epoxy vendor can actually warranty is that when mixed correctly the product will harden and have the physical properties described in the product data sheet. An honest epoxy vendor will tell you this up-front.

 

 

SLIGHTLY RELATED FLOOR INFORMATION LINKS

 

CONCRETE SEALING

jay.html - 3rd party article on concrete sealing and sealers (indirectly related to garage epoxy painting)


CONCRETE SEALING - PRODUCT INFO

vee4u.html - the Bio Vee Seal (tm) product - an internal concrete sealer that leaves nothing on the surface of the concrete


CONCRETE SEALING MORE INFO

concretsealer.html - your options for concrete sealing and sealer products


HOW AND WHY TO COAT YOUR CONCRETE SLAB

slab4u.html - reasons, issues, prep and problems associated with epoxy coating your concrete slab

apply epoxy floor paint


PINHOLES - AIR BUBBLES - FISHEYES IN YOUR EPOXY FLOOR COATING

pinhole4u.html - air bubbles, fisheyes and pinholes can be an unexpected problem when coating concrete. Read all about it.


DOES YOUR FLOOR HAVE A VAPOR BARRIER TO PREVENT UNPLEASANT MOISTURE MIGRATION ISSUES?

vapor4u.html - unless your floor as a vapor barrier under it moisture related problems could prevent any coating from bonding.

 

Visit FLOOR COATINGS in our  catalog

 See Rough Coat (tm) - epoxy with non skid grit already in it    

CLICK HERE

 

USING LATEX COLORS AND PAINT WITH YOUR EPOXY FLOOR - ALSO FAUX FINISH OPTIONS

latexfloor.html - topcoat your epoxy floor with latex paint in your special color - or go for that faux finish look!


DIFFERENT METHODS AND GRITS TO GET A NON SLIP SURFACE

nonslip.html - learn about different methods, options and results for obtaining an non slip floor texture


ACID ETCH YOUR FLOOR PRIOR TO EPOXY COATING

acid.html - one semi-professional method to prepare a concrete floor for an epoxy coating is to acid etch it


ISSUES REGARDING HOW TO HAVE A SUCCESSFUL COATING PROJECT - (NOT JUST ABOUT FLOORS)

scoat4u.html - issues and info regarding the successful use of epoxies

 

Have these 'LINK PAGES' been helpful to you? None of our competitors seem willing to freely share their knowledge. Let us know what you think. Send us a quick email -  CONTACT US .

 


Visit FLOOR COATINGS in our  catalog

 See Rough Coat (tm) - epoxy with non skid grit already in it    

CLICK HERE

 


We really appreciate you visiting PROGRESSIVE EPOXY POLYMERS, INC. and our web site: EPOXYPRODUCTS.COM.  Take advantage of the CONTACT links on this page to ask questions about our products and/or your projects. You can stay in touch with us via our NEWSLETTER (link on our contact page) which is emailed  every 6-8 weeks.


This current page is all about:

EPOXY FLOOR PAINT

Best garage epoxy floor paint links -- solvent free and water based epoxy resin floor systems - help

Best Epoxy Garage Floor Paint DIY Links - FLOOR Coatings


Best floor related articles, information, and links on the http://www.concrete-garage-epoxy-floor-paint.com

Internet domain web site

epoxy-floor-paint.html  Index of Epoxy Floor Paint Sites - Basics, Options


epoxy_floor_paint_test.html
Self Test --- 10 questions you need to know/ask regarding epoxy floor paint coating



We hope you find the information linked to from this page helpful and informative. Our approach to sales and customer education is different from other vendors on the Internet.

We would appreciate the opportunity to introduce you to our epoxy floor coating products - our DIY kit and our individual floor epoxy products, before you opt to purchase from another epoxy vendor.

 

 

ONE QUESTION SURVEY - PLS LET GIVE US YOUR RESPONSE

 

Please take a moment to complete our 1 question

multiple choice EPOXY SURVEY

CLICK HERE

 


 

FIND THIS/THESE

PRODUCT(S)

(click here)

IN ONLINE

CATALOG PAGE

AND ONLINE

STORE FRONT

 


Epoxy questions? Ask the Professor - CLICK .

NEWSLETTER

Add yourself to our email newsletter list. We send out a short newsletter about 4 - 8 times a year. It keeps us in touch with you and allows you to find us again when you have a new project pending. Send us a quick email asking to be put on the newsletter list -  View our current newsletter CLICK HERE .

 


Google Industry Specific Search

Epoxy Flooring

CLICK HERE



Click Here To Like/Recommend Progressive Epoxy Polymers, Inc. (epoxyproducts.com) on FACEBOOK


 

American Made Epoxy American Made Epoxy American Made Epoxy American Made Epoxy American Made Epoxy
Epoxy

Resin

Page 1

Epoxy

Paint

Page 2

Epoxy Floor

Paint

Page 3

Marine

Epoxy

Page 4

Epoxy

Putty

Page 5

 

"Best" Epoxy Product Winners

 

BEST FLOOR EPOXY - CLICK HERE .

BEST EPOXY PUTTY - CLICK HERE .

BEST MARINE EPOXY - CLICK HERE .

BEST EPOXY PAINT - CLICK HERE .

BEST POUR ON EPOXY (BAR TOP - TABLE TOP) - CLICK HERE .


 

PARTIAL DATA SHEET

INDUSTRIAL FLOOR EPOXY (tm)

Warehouse Floors

Industrial Floors

Restaurant Floors

Residential Floors

 

Solvent-Free

Good Chemical Resistance

Easy 2:1 Mixing Ratio

USDA approved for Incidental Food Contact

 

STANDARD

PRODUCT

DESCRIPTION

 

This Industrial Floor epoxy is a 100% solids, USDA acceptable (for incidental contact) epoxy flooring

resin designed as a stand alone top coat and as a binder for non-skid surfaces. It is non-blushing and

non-water spotting. It bonds to cold, damp surfaces and is high gloss, self leveling and color stable.

 

USES

 

Roll on top coats

Broadcast base and top coats

Binder for mortars

Supports most industrial traffic

Provides an easy non skid surface

 

FEATURES

 

Good chemical resistance

Convenient 2 to 1 ratio by volume

Tenacious bond to most substrates

USDA acceptable for incidental contact

Environmentally safe, solvent free system

 

VISCOSITY

 

Viscosity at 72F:

Part A: 650 cps

Part B: 350 cps

Mixed: 500 cps

 

PHYSICAL

PROPERTIES

 

COMPRESSIVE STRENGTH ........... ASTM D695 12,000 psi

 

TENSILE STRENGTH ..................... ASTM D638 3,900 psi

ELONGATION AT BREAK ............. ASTM D638 7.00%

 

ABRASION RESISTANCE:

CS-17 WHEEL, 1 kg LOAD ............. ASTM D4060 0.10gm loss

 

WATER ABSORPTION .................. ASTM D570 0/07%

(2 hour boil)

 

FLEXURAL STRENGTH ................. ASTM D790 7,800 psi

 

SHORE D HARDNESS .................. ASTM D2240 89

 

HEAT DISTORTION ....................... ASTM D649 122F

TEMPERATURE

 

BOND STRENGTH TO ................... 100% Concrete failure

CONCRETE

 

APPLICATION RATE ..................... 115 sq. ft./gal (175 sq. ft./gallon and a half kit)

 

COLORS .......................................... Gray and beige

str

   
   FIND COMPLETE DATA SHEET AND MSDS - CLICK HERE
   

 

Old Goat's Epoxy Floor FAQ - Q&A

CLICK HERE.

NEWSLETTER

Add yourself to our email newsletter list. We send out a short newsletter about 4 - 8 times a year. It keeps us in touch with you and allows you to find us again when you have a new project pending. Send us a quick email asking to be put on the newsletter list -  View a recent newsletter CLICK HERE .


 

     

 

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  progressive epoxy polymers inc pittsfield northwood nh  
 

site master

greatthings4u gifts

protagonist

paul oman

ground zero

pittsfield/northwood NH

 



Epoxy Essentials (tm)

 

Reasons for coating failures

Preparation problem 70%; application problem 12%; environment problem 6%; wrong paint selection 9%; bad paint 1%; adding thinner 2%


"At least 70% of premature coatings failures are traced back to 'surface preparation' whether referring to wood, concrete, or metal. In a commercial recoating project, the costs (and profit) associated with surface preparation are about 70% of the job. How extensive the surface preparation is will depend on the performance expectation of the owner... Know the A, B, C's of surface preparation - visible contaminants, invisible contaminants, and profile."

 

Dr. Lydia Frenzel, The ABCs of Surface Preparation, Cleaner Times, April 2001, pg. 42-44.


DID YOU KNOW...

 

Epoxy coatings are used because of their outstanding chemical resistance, durability, low porosity and strong bond strength.
 

Epoxies consist of a ‘base' and a ‘curing' agent. The two components are mixed in a certain ratio. A chemical reaction occurs between the two parts generating heat (exotherm) and hardening the mixture into an inert, hard ‘plastic'.

Epoxies yellow, chalk (or more commonly least lose their gloss), in direct sunlight (UV). The yellowing can be a real problem. For pigmented epoxies select colors that are dark or contain a lot of yellow (such as green). Even clear epoxies will yellow and cloud up. Often epoxies are top coated with latex or urethanes that will retain their color and attractive gloss. This is particularly true if color coding or matching company colors is important.

Epoxies will harden in minutes or hours, but complete cure (hardening) will generally take several days. Most epoxies will be suitably hard within a day or so, but may require more time to harden before the coating can be sanded.

By their nature, epoxies are hard and brittle. Additives can be added to epoxies that make them less brittle, but generally at the loss or reduction of other positive epoxy properties such as chemical resistance.

Other clues of cheap epoxies include ‘induction time' (after mixing the two components the mixture must sit for several minutes to ‘self cook' before being applied).

The best time to recoat epoxy is within about 48 hours after the initial coat. Because epoxies take days to reach full cure, a second coat applied shortly after the first coat will partially fuse to the first coat rather than forming a simple mechanical bond.

End users can thicken epoxy with many things, Tiny glass spheres, known as micro-spheres or micro-balloons are commonly used. Besides thickening, their crushable nature makes sanding the hardened epoxy easier. On the downside, they work like tiny ball bearings, resulting is sagging and slumping. Another thickener is fumed silica (a common brand name is Cabosil (tm)) which looks like fake snow. About 2 parts fumed silica with one part epoxy will produce a mixture similar in texture and thickness to petroleum jelly. Micro-spheres and fumed silica can be combined together.

Fisheyes are areas on a painted surface where the coating literally pulls away for the substrate leaving a coatingless void or fisheye. Often fisheyes are caused by surface contaminants such as a bit of silicon, wax, or oil. I have also seen them on clean plywood where epoxies paints have been used as sealers and the problem might be due to uneven saturation (soaking-in) of the epoxy into the wood. Surface tension plays a big part in fisheyeing. There are some additives that can be mixed into the epoxy that will reduce surface tension. Likewise, on wood, applying several coats of solvent thinned epoxy, instead of one coat of unthinned epoxy, seems to work well. Applying a thick coat of epoxy over a contaminated fisheye surface will bury the fisheye but expect the coating to peel away in the future. As a rule of thumb, always suspect some sort of surface contamination as the primary cause of fisheyeing.

Adding a bit of solvent to a solvent based or solvent-free epoxy is something that most manufacturers would not officially approve of and something that might not work with all epoxies. However, it can be done (unofficially) with the epoxies I deal with. Adding solvent to these epoxies will: 1) thin them out; 2) increase pot life; 3) allows them to flow off the brush/roller a bit more smoothly; and 4) perhaps allows them to ‘soak-in', penetrate, or may be soften, the substrate just a little bit. Not change is visible in the epoxy unless 12% or greater solvent is added. With that amount of solvent, the epoxies no longer cure with a glossy finish.

It is best to use epoxies with a mix ratio close to 1 to 1 as opposed to something 4-1, 5-1, etc. because errors in the mix ratios can be more pronounced with the latter. That said, no matter what the mix ratio is, some epoxies are more forgiving of mix ratio errors than others. One ‘trick' of epoxy vendors with odd or very sensitive mix ratios is to sell calibrated pumps that disperse the epoxy components in exact amounts.


How Thick? How thick should your coating be? Economics play a major role in determining how much coating to apply. One U.S. gallon contains 231 cubic inches. That's only 1.6 cubic square feet of surface at one inch thick and that's also assuming a solvent-free product. If the product is 25% VOC (i.e. 25% solvent) then dry thickness/coverage will be 25% less. Again, assuming a 1/4 inch thick coating (250 mils) maximum coverage will still be only 6.4 square feet per gallon. A solvent-free (100% solids) epoxy coating applied at 16 mils will cover 100 square feet per gallon (note: the wall paint in your office is probably 2-4 mils). While thick coatings sound like a good idea, they use so much product that they must be made very cheaply so that coating 1,000 or 10,000 square feet can still be done at a competitive price. A high quality, fairly expensive product with a coverage rate of 100 sq. feet or more per gallon, on the other hand, will have a low enough cost per sq. foot to provide both economy and top quality.


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