MARINE REPAIR BOAT BUILDING SUPPLIES AND EPOXY RESINS

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Marine Epoxy Repair Hindsight -

Tips, Tricks, Rules of Thumb, etc.

 

 

 

 

Marine Repair Guide Epoxy Options - Tips Tricks

Wood Fiberglass Boat Repair basics - rules of thumb reviews on epoxy resins - hull blisters, Boat Pox, marine paints fixing leaking aluminum boats
 


 

 


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We've been selling epoxy - marine epoxy (boat building - wood / fiberglass repair) industrial coatings - garage paint -

underwater epoxies - thick putties - tabletop resins and supplies since the early 1990's


 

Nearly all boat projects require multiple products: structural repair putties, fairing compounds, barrier coats, primers and sealers, laminating resins with fiberglass cloth and fillers. Generally people need help with product selection, amounts and application. No web site can give all this support, especially when so many things are involved. Our customers call 24/7 including nights, weekends and holidays for that kind of  pre-purchase advice and  application help. It is the only way to get a two way conversation to happen. 

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This isn't just a catalog site. We spend a lot of time on the phone and on email discussing boat repair project options, marine resins choices, and boating in general with our visitors and customers. Many like to chat before each order. Goto our Contact Page with our email link and telephone number (available m-th EST 10:30-3:00) - or submit your online questions to our alter ego -- Professor E. Poxy .

laminating epoxy with marine epoxy resin

TOPIC INDEX

Epoxy paint rollers (and more)
Barrier Coatings for fiberglass, steel, and cement
Boat Blisters
Bright work
Epoxies - How to evaluate/compare
Epoxy - How Much Epoxy do I Need?
Epoxy vs. Fiberglass (polyester) Resin
Paint and Painting - Latex Paint
Penetrating Epoxies
Rotting Wood and Ethylene Glycol
Underwater Hull Surface Area Calculations
Epoxy Coating Your Boat Hull
Which Brand of Epoxy Should You Use?

Polyester vs. Epoxy Resin

Epoxy Pumps

Repairing hairline cracks in old fiberglass hulls

No Sand Epoxy Surfaces

Flexible non-skid deck surface


GLUING WITH EPOXY

glue.html - epoxy makes a great glue, but unlike other glues, don't clamp it too tight!

 

EPOXY THICKENER BLENDS - CUSTOMER RECIPES

marine_epoxy_recipes.html - folks often mix different epoxy thickeners and fillers to get the 'right' mixture. Customer recipes here.

 


RESTORATION OF THE FAMOUS LEAF BLOWER POWERED DINGHY

restore.html - repairing holes in an old plywood dinghy

stitch and glue marine epoxy boat


MORE EPOXY REPAIRS OF THE FAMOUS LEAF BLOWER POWERED DINGHY

repair.html - repairing damage, rot, etc. in an old plywood dinghy

 


THICK EPOXY PRODUCTS AND OPTIONS

putty.html - epoxy putty products repair damage, rot, etc. in an old plywood dinghy

 

 

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Roller Recommendations


Users recommend using a 3/16 inch nap roller specifically labeled for use with epoxies (regular rollers are 3/8 inch). An alternative would be a ‘lintless' roller. Foam rollers work also, but the foam may begin to break off before job is complete. Regular ‘bulk' rollers will work too, but will leave roller fibers/lint on the surface for the first 30 square feet or so.

We now sell short nap epoxy rollers.


Check out those painting 'pads' - a short nap on a foam block or plastic holder. Our tests seem to show they work better than bushes or roller!


notes on rolling epoxies on smooth surfaces (such as hulls) click here for more in epoxy paint rollers

Visit MARINE EPOXIES in our  catalog

CLICK HERE for  marine epoxy


Barrier Coatings for Fiberglass, Steel, and Cement Hulls


Essentially a barrier coat is simply a layer of epoxy, which is highly non-porous, applied over a rather porous polyester resin fiberglass hull. The regular fiberglass hulls can selectively draw in water and create blisters. The epoxy barrier coat seals the hull.

Despite what you may have read, barrier coat technology is not rocket science. It boils down applying a sealing coat of epoxy to your hull and basically any epoxy will do the job, in fact, from what I have observed many paint/resin companies seem to have brought obsolete and junky epoxies back to life as barrier coatings.

Nice Thing To Have In Your Barrier Coating:

1) pigment - so you can see where you've painted it and get an idea how evenly and uniformly you have been applying it.

2) thickening and gelling agents. These two are not quite the same thing. Hopefully your barrier coat is thick enough that you do not have to apply coat after coat to get a reasonably thick coat. How thick? No set answers, but figure about 10 mils which would normally be about 160 square feet per gallon of a SOLVENT FREE coating. That might equal 3 or 4 coats of ordinary varnish or interior wall paint. Thicker is better as it provides a ‘wider' barrier to moisture migration. Barrier coat products range from 3-4 mil dry coating thickness per coat to 40 - 70 mil, Kevlar (tm) microfiber reinforced, single coat epoxy systems. These thicker coats are often used to seal and protect cement hulls and 'rust proof' steel hulls.

Gelling agents keep the epoxy from sagging after application on a vertical surface. The opposite of gelling is (sort of) the term self leveling. Ordinary epoxies used for boat building, repairing, etc. do not have gelling agents in them. You can use them for barrier coating but watch for sags and expect the epoxy to flow so that the coating near the water line will be thinner than the coating that collects down by the keel. Is this a big deal? Probably not. More info: Click here for barrier coat epoxies.



Boat Blisters


Most folks make a big deal over fiberglass hull blisters. They will not sink or boat and are not worth the worry so many people give them. Consider them like teenage pimples or zits. Pop them, wash them, and medicate them (patch them) and get on with your life. If you insist upon making a big deal about them, you can always find someone willing to agree with you and charge you lots of money for whatever degree of ‘overkill' you are willing to pay them for. More info: Click here for more about boat blister repair


Brightwork

marine spar varnish


If your boat is like mine was, there are at least several wood surfaces that require a varnish or polyurethane clear coat. When living in the Gulf Coast I learned these finishes do not last long. Here is the technique we developed using epoxy and varnish (or polyurethane). First, seal the wood with several coats of epoxy until you have a glassy hard finish. Lightly sand the epoxy and topcoat with one or more coats of varnish or clear polyurethane. This will provide the UV protection to the epoxy, will the epoxy protects and seals the wood. Our Floro Polymer would also do this.

One other trick with the varnish. You can thicken it with fumed silica (often know by the Brand name Cabosil (tm)) -- so that it goes on twice as thick — two coats for the price of one!

Visit MARINE EPOXIES in our  catalog

MARINE EPOX CLICK HERE


Epoxies - How to Evaluate/Compare


Like whiskey, there are good and bad epoxies, potent epoxies and watered down epoxies. There are cheap/trashy moonshine epoxies and performance blends. You can probably build your boat with any of them and be alright. The degree of quality (or ease of use) is a very personal thing.....

Here are a few things you can look at to get a clue about the quality or user friendliness of your epoxy.

Blush/Amine blush - Blush is a waxy layer (sometimes visible, sometimes not) that develops on the surface of many epoxies as they cure. It is a reaction of the curing (hardener) agent with moisture in the air. It must be washed off or additional layers of epoxy or paint will not bond well to it. The very best epoxies do not blush and are so indifferent to moisture that they can literally be applied underwater.

Nonyl Phenol - This is an inexpensive chemical added in small amounts to either side of a two part epoxy to produce easy mix ratios. When added in large amounts, say more than 15%, it is a way to ‘water down the epoxy' and get the cost down. Ask for the MSDS sheet of any epoxy you purchase and check for nonyl phenol. Nonyl is not necessarily a completely bad thing, but a nonyl rich epoxy should not be as expensive as a non nonyl filled epoxy.

Induction Time - If you have to mix your epoxy and let it sit for some amount of time (called induction time) before you can begin using it, you are probably dealing with a ‘cheap' epoxy.

Epoxy Crystallization - If your epoxy (part A or part B) tends to crystallize in the can over time (warming will remelt the crystallized mass) you are probably dealing with a specialized epoxy or a ‘cheap' resin/hardener. There are resins and curing (hardening) agents that will not crystallize. This might not be a purely price issue, but it certainly is a ‘user friendly' issue.


MSDS - The Material Data Safety Sheet - all vendors and manufacturers are required to have these safety sheets for each of their products. I am always surprised how difficult it is to get an MSDS from almost every Epoxy vendor. If they will not offer up a MSDS for their base AND cure/hardener without a lot of hassle, by from a vendor that will. MSDS information should also be available at the local marine store for all the products they carry.

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We really appreciate you visiting PROGRESSIVE EPOXY POLYMERS, INC. and our web site: EPOXYPRODUCTS.COM.  Take advantage of the CONTACT links on this page to ask questions about our products and/or your projects. You can stay in touch with us via our NEWSLETTER (link on our contact page) which is emailed  every 6-8 weeks.


This current page is all about:

MARINE REPAIR BOAT BUILDING SUPPLIES AND EPOXY RESINS

Marine Repair Guide Epoxy Options - Tips Tricks

Wood Fiberglass Boat Repair basics - rules of thumb reviews on epoxy resins - hull blisters, Boat Pox, marine paints fixing leaking aluminum boats


Epoxy - How Much Epoxy Do I Need?


1 gallon of resin wets out:

material sq ft
.75 oz mat 64 square feet
1.5 oz mat 32 square feet
6 oz cloth 90 square feet *******
10 oz cloth 60
18 0z woven roving 40
24 oz woven roving 32
2415 bi-ply 16

******** This is a very common weight. Figure 50 square feet of coverage with 2 top coats of additional epoxy to completely bury the cloth weave (i.e. three total coats of epoxy).


Paint and Painting - Latex

boat repair


We have discovered how great exterior latex paint is on boat surfaces above the waterline and on epoxy surfaces. A top quality semi-gloss, exterior house latex (like that used for trim or shutters at $30 per gallon) is easier to apply, easier to clean up, keeps it shine much longer and is more fade resistant than any marine enamel I have ever used. It is also less brittle and less subject to cracking. Being slightly porous, it resists blistering much more than enamels. It all makes sense. Paint companies have performed a lot more R&D in the competitive, huge, house paint market than in the much smaller marine paint niche. Another plus - with custom blending, you can get any color you want.


Expert article on Latex on boats: click here for latex paint on boat hulls


A second tip. Do not every use pure white paint on your boat. It shows too much dirt, etc. Instead use an off-white, something with a slight gray or blue tint. You will find that while your off-white may look gray in the can or at your home, when on your boat, and surrounded by other boats, it will still look pure white and much whiter and brighter than any of the other ‘white' boats around it.

Another real plus. If you are like me and work on the boat during the weekends, this can save you an entire work session. Latex paint can be applied to just applied, still wet, epoxy without waiting for the epoxy to even begin to cure. This work, at least, with the non-blushing marine epoxy I use. I cannot say for certain if it works with other, more common, name brand epoxies which do suffer from amine blush. It is nice to fill an dent or gouge with epoxy and then immediately carefully brush or dab on the matching hull/deck latex paint instead of waiting a week to repaint the repair.


For the finest above the waterline hull coating (white only) I would recommend our LPU MARINE - a two-part linear polyester urethane (compare to Awlgrip) over a primed surface. For more information about epoxies and urethanes see our Chemistry of Epoxies/Urethanes page. For more info about LPU MARINE - CLICK HERE for LPU coatigs in the marine marketplace. (ONLY AVAIL IN WHITE).


Penetrating Epoxies

This has become such a critical topic that a dedicated web page has been assigned to Penetrating Epoxies. Click here to link to: PENETRATING EPOXY -- ww.epoxyproducts.com/penetrating4u.html


Epoxy vs. Fiberglass (polyester) Resin

basic no blush marine epoxy


Standard fiberglass resin (polyester resin with styrene) is used to make fiberglass boats. It is inexpensive, smelly, dissolves foam, sticks will to itself, tends to be slightly porous (can absorb water and form blisters), and does not stick well to wood, metal or other surfaces.

Epoxies are as messy as polyester resins to work with and cost a lot more. However, they do not smell as badly, generally will not dissolve foam, sticks great to nearly everything (except ‘milk carton' or ‘gas can' plastics), and are much less porous than polyester resins.

For fiberglass on fiberglass repairs, you might use polyester resins, but even in those cases, and certainly for all other situations (especially when wood is involved), use epoxy resins.

Note that all epoxies are not created equal, but even the worst of the epoxies is probably more than adequate for about any task you might put them too.

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This Q & A was taken from the boatbuilding.com forum. It explains everything better than I could! - Paul



Bradley -- Friday, 19 October 2001, at 2:10 p.m.

Hi folks, I am new at this boat building, and I have plans for a 15 foot boat using the stitch and glue method.

My problem, is that in my part of the world, Epoxy resin cost at least 5-8 times that of
Polyester. I would like to know what would I sacrifice using polyester instead of Epoxy.

This vessel is for recreational use and will be trailered. I have heard that polyester does
not fill gaps as good as Epoxy is this true?




Capt Patrick McCrary -- Friday, 19 October 2001, at 9:05 p.m.

Bradley,

The ability of a resin to fill gaps is more determined by the type of fillers added to the mixed system more so than the type of resin used. Polyester mixed with Cab-O-Sil will fill a gap just as well as Epoxy and Cab-O-Sil...


The cost difference between epoxy and polyester resin is pretty much the same world round, so you're in the same boat as the rest of us. You are likely in an area that has limited brand selection and only big name brands, (or brand), are available, such as West
System.

Epoxy is a true adhesive, whereas polyester is not. As an adhesive, epoxy will bond to practically any non-plastic surface that has been properly prepared, and polyester will only bond with itself within a 24 hour window of the previous layer. Epoxy is also more flexible when cured than is polyester. Those two factors primarily make epoxy the choice for wooden boat construction. Additionally, epoxy is very nearly water proof while polyester will absorb water over a period of time. Water is a death sentence to resin encapsulated wood...

Heavy laminations of polyester over wood can be done with some success, but the strength of the unit is more in the thickness of the fiberglass than it is in the bond to the wood. The wood becomes only a form to dictate the shape of the polyester/fiberglass part. In thin laminations there is little strength to the fiberglass and since polyester won't bond well to the wood, delamination is almost always assured.

The bottom line is: For your intended construction design, epoxy is really the only way to go if you are looking for a boat that will last more than a few seasons.

Your choice of direction could also be dictated by what you expect to achieve in your first build. If you are looking for a boat that will be around for a long time and you don't intend on building another, use epoxy from the beginning... If, however, you are looking at your first build to be a testing ground, polyester will give the same initial look, it just ain't gonna' last.

There is validity in deciding to use the first build as step in the learning curve and being less concerned about creating an heirloom than getting to know your materials, designs, techniques, and their strong/weak points economically and quickly. If this is the case,
polyester is an viable option. Some **must** items if this is the way you go:

1. The polyester must be used in conjunction with fiberglass cloth or chopped strand mat. Alone it is brittle, very weak, and virtually useless.

2. The wood must be impregnated with thinned polyester, second coated with un-thinned polyester, and the polyester/fiberglass applied within a 24 hour period to produce the maximum bond achievable.

3. Your final finish must be as water proof as you can make it. If not by epoxy coating, at the very least by using an epoxy based one part paint.

The advantages of polyester are economy both in terms of cost of material and speed of curing. A boat built with polyester can cost half that of one built in epoxy and take half the time to accomplish, but like I said before, it just ain't gonna' last...

Good luck!

Regards,

Patrick

 

 


Rotting Wood and Ethylene Glycol


I don't know why the use of Ethylene Glycol (i.e.. regular automotive Antifreeze) to kill and treat the fungus that causes wood rot causes such strong reactions in many people. Obviously the best solution to rot is to cut it out completely and replace the damaged area. If you cannot or will not do that (such as on the top surface of an otherwise good wooden dock piling), then liberal use of antifreeze on the rotting wood will kill the fungus. The antifreeze will evaporate, leaving begin just a slight residue. The rot fungus will eventually return - the glycol have evaporated away. The wood is still damaged and rotted, but at least you've checked the rotting for the moment. If somehow patched or coated/repaired the rotting will probably not continue hidden under the patch.

Third party article: click here - wood rot repair


I cannot speak for other epoxy brands, but the non-blushing brand of epoxy I use does bond to anti-freeze coated surfaces. I have even mixed antifreeze into the liquid epoxy and it cured just fine, although I can see no reason for every doing this.



Underwater Surface Areas

marine epoxy


General Rules of Thumb (Based upon information for Interlux Boat Painting Guide)

boat size wetting surface area

18 ft day sailor = 120 squ feet
21 trailerable = 160 sf
28 racer/cruiser = 250 sf
31 racer/cruiser = 270 sf
36 cruiser = 330 sf
41 cruiser = 435 sf
53 cruiser = 590 sf

motor boats

18 runabout = 120 square feet
21 runabout = 150 sf
28 cruiser = 240 sf
32 sportfish = 300 sf
36 cruiser = 350 sf
42 cruiser = 500 sf
53 cruiser = 650 sf

formula:
LOA times beam times 0.85 =wetted surface area.


Epoxy coating your boat hull

wooden boat repair



Disclaimer: these are only theoretical suggestions based upon my knowledge of certain epoxy coatings. They are not vendor/manufacturer/supplier recommendations or approved techniques. Decision to follow or not follow these suggestions, rests completely with the purchaser or end user. There is no warranty, refunds, liability etc. implied or suggested regarding the selection, preparation, application, or results involving these products or suggestions mentioned here.

Wood Hulls

I would always think twice about applying an epoxy skin or coating over a wooden boat and would do so only if I felt I had run out of options for maintaining the original wood surface. I would consider only epoxy coating the hull below the water line.

Inside the Hull - I would use 3 coats of our coal tar epoxy, with the first coat thinned 10%. I would only use if I had exposed (uncoated) wood to cover. The thinning would help penetration of the first coat. Coal Tar epoxies are relatively flexible, but do not like being painted over, hence the reason for internal application.

Outside the Hull - One or two coats of thin Low V epoxy (maybe even thinned 10% for better penetration) and then 1 coat (or 2) coats of our Hi Flex epoxy. If budget or time constraints apply, the single (or double) coat of Hi Flex would work without the "penetrating Low V" epoxy.

Visit MARINE EPOXIES in our  catalog

CLICK HERE PROGRESSIVE EPOXY POLYMERS INC


For the finest above the waterline hull coating (white only) I would recommend our LPU MARINE- a two-part linear polyester urethane (compare to Awlgrip) over a primed surface (we also have a less expensive white 2-part acrylic urethane now). For more information about epoxies and urethanes see our Chemistry of Epoxies/Urethanes page. For more info about LPU MARINE -(ONLY AVAIL IN WHITE) CLICK HERE.

Fiberglass Hulls


Inside or out - Our fiber reinforced FC 2100, or the fiberless NSP 120 epoxy is the choice for both an exterior barrier coat and bilge coating. Both use cycloaliphatic curing agents and are non-hazmat to ship. Second choice would be our Hi Flex 3 epoxy.

For the finest above the waterline hull coating (white only) I would recommend our LPU MARINE - a two-part linear polyester urethane (compare to Awlgrip) over a primed surface (we also have a less expensive white 2-part acrylic urethane now). For more information about epoxies and urethanes see our Chemistry of Epoxies/Urethanes page. For more info about LPU MARINE (WHITE ONLY) - CLICK HERE.



Steel Hulls

Inside or Out

A standard 3 coat industrial system (zinc primer, epoxy, poly topcoat) - we do not sell a zinc primer product - poly coating not below the water line.

this is a common system for water towers, etc.

OR


2 coats of CORRO COAT FC 2100



Water tolerance before curing allowed the hull to be refloated immediately after the final FC 2100 application.

Completely free of volatile solvents – no smell or air pollution in the drydock during spraying.

Ability to apply at 10 – 80+ mils with no sagging.

Compatible with residues of all existing coating types.

For the finest above the waterline hull coating (white only) I would recommend our LPU WHITE - a two-part linear polyester urethane (compare to Awlgrip) over a primed surface. For more information about epoxies and urethanes see our Chemistry of Epoxies/Urethanes page. For more info about LPU 100 - CLICK HERE. AVAIL IN WHITE ONLY.


Aluminum Hulls

I am not yet comfortable with aluminum hulls. Aluminum can be the most difficult metal to coat and I frankly do not know what to suggest here.

For the finest above the waterline hull coating (white only) I would recommend our LPU MARINE - a two-part linear polyester urethane (compare to Awlgrip) over a primed surface. For more information about epoxies and urethanes see our Chemistry of Epoxies/Urethanes page. For more info about LPU MARINE (WHITE ONLY) - CLICK HERE.


Which Vendor's Epoxy/Epoxies Should You Use?

We now have an entire site on this - Click Here

Contact Page /Link to Storefront/Ordering

 

 
Epoxy Pumps

Mix ratios/pumps - Most epoxy disasters result form mixing mistakes. Some epoxies have more forgiving mix tolerances. Generally the closer to a 1 to 1 mix ratio the better. In these cases being off a tiny bit is not so serious but with mix ratios of 1:4 or 1:5
even a tiny error on the ‘one' side will greatly alter that actual mix ratio and might result in a mixture that will never harden.

Some epoxy companies like to sell inexpensive 'pumps' to measure out units of epoxy base and cure. I think it is more of a gimmick (and money maker). I would rather measure out the epoxy in disposable paper or plastic cups (two cups of A to one cup of B). Throw away the cups when they become 'messy' or even use new cups with every batch.

The pump issue came up on the WoodenBoat boatbuilding forum (11/19/01) "Temp and Epoxy Cure." Here's what was said about those pumps:


Those "lotion pumps," as they are known in the trade, are unreliable in that they can lose their prime, so-to-speak, partially, and the first shot may be short, compared to the next one, if much time has elapsed since the previous use. This can happen from a jellied goober of material, or even a fat hair, becoming lodged in the ball-check-valve assembly. While rare, it does occasionally happen. Further, in colder weather, when viscosity increases, they take longer to fully recharge and a second shot close after a first one will be short compared to a second shot a few minutes later. Thus, three squirts of A [or B] in quick succession will be different in hot or cold weather, depending on just how much time elapses between squirts. Such dispensing equipment is a practical solution to an inexpensive consumer-grade metering system for a product hose mixing ratio is critical, but it does have its shortcomings.


Repairing Hairline Cracks in old fiberglass hulls

 

All old fiberglass hulls seem to have them - lots and lots of tiny spider web like, gel coat cracks. These hairline cracks are ugly and can let moisture into the hull.

Here's my thoughts (and tests) on how to repair:


1) sand the hull cracks smooth (as these crack age they seem to sometimes lift and curl along the crack edges).

2) coat the area with our Aluthane aluminum primer. The very thin Aluthane will be drawn into the crack to help seal it and at the same time prime the surrounding fiberglass.

3) paint hull with a coat of our very brushable, 100% solids (0% VOC) Low V epoxy. This will actually cover the cracks and vanish them under a layer of epoxy.

4) sand the epoxy/hull smooth

5) paint the hull. If using our LPU MARINE polyurethane you'll need at least two coats to cover the aluminum color of the Aluthane.


No Sand Epoxy Surfaces

Epoxy will not stick to the poly bags we wrap our epoxy cans with for shipping. Simply apply the epoxy and evenly press the plastic across the wet epoxy and wait for the epoxy to harden. Then peel off the plastic.

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Links for UNDERWATER EPOXY

Application of  "pply underwater" epoxy paint and putty

for repair and as an adhesive. Underwater swimming pool

epoxy paint and repairs - Wet surface painting.

 Yes, you can apply some special epoxy paint/puttty coatings UNDERWATER

 

1)  application of underwater epoxy paint (photograph) ----- uwpaint.html

2)  underwater repair epoxy saves sinking yacht  ----- cs_boat.html

3)  history of underwater paint putty epoxy ----- uwhistory.html

4)  description / buy links to underwater epoxy paint putty adhesive  ----- under4u.html

5)  epoxy and non epoxies that can be used  (not applied) underwater  ----- immerse.html 

 

Contact Page (phone or email us)

Links to online storefront for buying UNDERWATER EPOXY

Splash Zone A-788 -- Wet Dry 700 -- Corro Coat fc2100A -- Water Gard 300

Third Party article about underwater epoxies
 

 

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clear marine epoxy

Basic No Blush ™

#1 rated, formulated, clear marine epoxy. Sold to the public at distributor prices.
--Click Here MARINE EPOXY-- .

 

Marine Repair Guide Epoxy Options - Tips Tricks

Wood Fiberglass Boat Repair basics - rules of thumb reviews on epoxy resins - hull blisters, Boat Pox, marine paints fixing leaking aluminum boats
 

 

 

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